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Published Research

We have a library of hundreds of published articles on various aspects of pregnancy and pregnancy loss.   Every new article we find gets ordered from the library and placed into our very large set of notebooks!  The ones listed below are those that we have found to be our favorites and we have sorted them acccording to the general topic discussed. 

We are always happy to share anything we have on the list below or in our personal library. If you know of an article that you think should be included on this list please let us know.  Just send us a note to




  • Warland J, O’Brien LM, Heazell AEP, Mitchell EA, and the STARS consortium. (2015).  An international internet survey of the experiences of 1,714 mothers with a late stillbirth: the STARS cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 15: 172. DOI 10.1186/s12884-015-0602-4
  • Fretts, RC. (2013). The Stillbirth Scandal O&G Magazine, 15(4): 13-15.
  • Goldenberg, R.L., Farrow, V., McClure, E.M., Reddy, U.M., Fretts, R.C., & Schulkin, J. (2013).  Stillbirth: Knowledge and Practice among U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists.  Am J Perinatology, 30: 813-820.
  • Kelley, M.C & Trinidad, S.B. . Silent loss and the clinical encounter: Parents’ and physicians’ experiences of stillbirth – a qualitative analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2012; 12:137.
  • Paneth, N. (2012). Stillbirth: Still important and still a puzzle. Epidemiology, 23(2): 255-256.
  • Mitchell, E.A., & Heazell, A. (Eds.). (2012).  Proceedings of the Stillbirth Summit 2011. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; 12 (Suppl 1): A14.
  • Gold, K.J., Sen, A., & Xu,. X. (2012) Hospital costs associated with stillbirth.. Matern Child Health J. Doi: 10.1007/s10995-012-1203-8.
  • Seaton, S.E., Field, D.J., Draper, E.S., Manktelow, B.N., Smith, G.C.S, Springett, A., & Smith, L.K.. (2012). Socioeconomic inequalities in the rate of stillbirths by cause: a population-based study.  BMJ Open. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001100.
  • Azofeifa, A., Yeung, L.F., Duke, W., Gilboa, S.M., & Correa, A. (2012). Evaluation of an Active Surveillance System for Stillbirths in Metropolitan Atlanta.  Journal of Registry Management; 39(1): 13-18.
  • Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network Writing Group. (2011). Causes of death among stillbirth..    2011; 306(22): 2459-2468.
  • Flenady, V., Koopmans, L., Middleton, P., Froen, J.F., Smith, G.C., Gibbons, K., Coory, M., Gordon, A., Ellwood, D., McIntyre, H.D., Fretts, R., & Ezzati, M. (2011). Major risk factors for stillbirth in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet,  377: 1331-1340.
  • Spong, C.Y., ed. Stillbirth: Prediction, Prevention, and Management.    Wiley-Blackwell; New Jersey.
  • Smith, G. C. (2010). Predicting antepartum stillbirth. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 53(3): 597-606.
  • Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and the SMFM Foundation. Maternal Fetal Medicine: High-Risk Pregnancy Care, Research, and Education for Over 35 Years.(2010).  Obtained online:
  • Fretts, R. (2010). Stillbirth epidemiology, risk factors, and opportunities for stillbirth prevention. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology; 53(3): 588-596.
  • MacDorman, M,Kirmeyer, S. The challenge of fetal mortality. NCHS data brief, no 16. Hysattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
  • Froen, J.F., Gordijn, S.J., Abdel-Aleem, H., Bergsjo, P., Betran, A., Duke, C.W., Fauveau, V., Flenady, V., Hinderaker, S.G., Hofmeyr, G.J., Jokhio, A.H., Lawn, J., Lumbiganon, P., Merialdi, M., Pattinson, R., & Shankar, A. (2009). Making stillbirths count, making numbers talk – Issues in data collection for stillbirths.  BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 9:58.
  • ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins – Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin: Management of stillbirth. 2009; 102.
  • Willinger M, Ko C-W, Reddy UM. (2009). Racial disparities in stillbirth risk across gestation in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 201: 469.e1-8. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2009.06.057.
  • Smith, G.C.S., & Fretts, R.C. (2007). Stillbirth. The Lancet,  370: 1715-1725.
  • Fretts, R.C. (2005). Etiology and prevention of stillbirth. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 193: 1923-1935.
  • Pasupathy, D., & Smith, G.C.S. (2005). The analysis of factors predicting antepartum stillbirth. Minerva Ginecologica. 57: 397-410.
  • ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins – Obstetrics. (1999). Antepartum Fetal Surveillance. 9.


  • Raynes-Greenow, C.H., Gordon, A., Li, Q., & Hyett, J.A. (2013). A cross-sectional study of maternal perception of fetal movements and antenatal advice in a general pregnant population, using a qualitative framework.  BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 13:32.
  • Warrander, L.K., Batra, G., Bernatavicius, G., Greenwood, S.L., Dutton, P., Jones, R.L., Sibley, C.P., and Heazell, A.E.P. (2012). Maternal perception of reduced fetal movements in associated with altered placental structure and function. PLoS One. 7(4): e34851.
  • Saastad, E., Winje, B.A., Israel, P., & Froen, F. (2012). Fetal movement counting-maternal concern and experiences: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial.  Birth, 39:1.
  • Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Green-top Guideline 57: Reduced fetal movements. 2011.
  • Peat, A.M., Stacey, T., Cronin, R., & McCowan, L.M.E. Maternal knowledge of fetal movements in late pregnancy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828x.2012.01462.x.
  • Tveit, J.V.H., Saastad, E., Stray-Pedersen, B., Bordahl, P.E., Flenady, V., Fretts, R., & Froen, J.F. (2009). ). Reduction of late stillbirth with the introduction of fetal movement information and guidelines – a clinical quality improvement. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 9:32.  doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-9-32.
  • O’Sullivan, O., Stephen, G., Martindale, E., & Heazell, A.E.P. (2009). Predicting poor perinatal outcome in women who present with decreased fetal movements.  Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 29(8): 705-710.
  • Froen, J.F., Heazell, A.E.P., Tveit, J.V.H., Saastad, E., Fretts, R.C., & Flenady, V.(2008). Fetal movement assessment. Semin Perinatol. 32: 243-246.
  • Froen, J.F., Tvelt, J.V.H., Saastad, E., Bordahl, P.E., Stray-Pedersen, B., Heazell, A.E.P., Flenady, V., & Fretts, R.C. (2008). Management of decreased fetal movements. Seminars in Perinatology. 32: 307-311.
  • Froen, J.F. (2004). A kick from within – fetal movement counting and the cancelled progress in antenatal care.  J Perinat Med, 32: 13-24.
  • Efkarpidis, S., Alexopoulos, E., Kean, L., Liu, D., & Fay, T.(2004). Case-control study of factors associated with intrauterine fetal deaths. MedGenMed. 6(2): 53.
  • Liston, R.M., Bloom, K., & Zimmer, P. (1994). The psychological effects of counting fetal movements. BIRTH, 21 (3): 135-140. 


  • Huang L, Liu J, Feng L, Chen Y, Zhang J, & Wang W. (2014). Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with higher risk of placental pathologic lesions Placenta, 35: 563-569.
  • Yao R, Ananth CV, Park BY, Periera, L., Plante, L.A., for the Perinatal Research Consortium. (2014). Obesity and the risk of stillbirth: a population-based cohort study. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 210:457.e1-9.
  • Calderon ACS, Quintana SM, Marcolin AC, Berezowski AT, Brito LGO, Duarte G, & Cavalli RC. (2014). Obesity and pregnancy: a transversal study from a low-risk maternity. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 14:249.
  • Hayes, E.K., Lechowicz, A., Petrik, J.J., Storozhuk, Y., Paez-Parent, S., Dai, Q., Samjoo, I.A., Mansell, M., Gruslin, A., Holloway, A.C., & Raha, S. (2012). Adverse fetal and neonatal outcomes associated with a life-long high fat diet: Role of altered development of the placental vasculature. PLoS ONE 7(3): e33370. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033370.
  • Stacey, T., Thompson, J.M.D., Mitchell, E.A., Ekeroma, A.J., Zuccollo, J.M., & McCowan, L.M.E. (2011). Relationship between obesity, ethnicity, and risk of late stillbirth; a case control study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth.. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-11-3.
  • Kominiarek, M.A., Vonderheid, S., & Endres, L.K. (2010). Maternal obesity: do patients understand the risks?  Journal of Perinatology. 30, 452-458.


  • Arnold, A., Beckmann, M., Flenady, V., & Gibbons, K. (2012). Term stillbirth in older women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. doi: 10. 1111/j.1479-828X.2011.01404.x
  • Walker, K., Bugg, G.J., Macpherson, M., & Thornton, J. (2012). Induction of labour at term for women over 35 years old: a survey of the views of women and obstetricians. Eur J Obstet Gynecol. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.02.016.
  • Haavaldsen, C., Sarfraz, A., Samuelsen, S.O., & Eskild, A. (2010). The impact of maternal age on fetal death: does length of gestation matter? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 203: 554.e1-8.
  • Fretts, R.C., & Duru, U.A. (2008). New Indications for Antepartum testing: Making the case for antepartum surveillance or timed delivery for women of advanced maternal age. Seminars in Perinatology. 32: 312-317.
  • Bahiya, M.O., Funai, E.F., Rosenbergg, V., Norwiz, E., Lipkind, H., Buhimschi, C., & Copel, J.A. (2008). Stillbirth at term in women of advanced maternal age in the United States: When could the antenatal testing be initiated?. Am J Perinatol. 25: 301-304.
  • Reddy, U.M., Ko, C-W., & Willinger, M. (2006). Maternal age and the risk of stillbirth throughout pregnancy in the United States. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2006; 195: 764-770.
  • Miller, D.A. (2005). Is advanced maternal age an independent risk factor for uteroplacental insufficiency? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 192: 1974-1982.
  • Cleary-Goldman, J., Malone, F.D., Vidaver, J., Ball, R.H., Nyberg, D.A., Comstock, C.H., Saade, G.R., Eddleman, K.A., Klugman, S., Dugoff, L., Timor-Tritsch, I.E., Craigo, S.D., Carr, S.R., Wolfe, H.M., Bianchi, D.W., & D’Alton, M.(2005). Impact of maternal age on obstetric outcome. Obstet Gynecol. 105 (5): 983-990.
  • Jacobsson, B., Ladfors, L., & Milsom, I.(2004). Advanced maternal age and adverse perinatal outcome. Obstet Gynecol. 104(4): 727-733.
  • Fretts, R.C., Elkin, E.B., Myers, E.R., & Heffner, L.J.(2004). Should older women have antepartum testing to prevent unexplained stillbirth? Obstet Gynecol. 104(1): 56-64.
  • Fretts, R.C. & Usher, R.H. (1997). Causes of fetal death in women of advanced maternal age. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 89:40-45.


  • Papageorghiou AT, Ohuma EO, Altman DG, Todros T, Ismail LC, Lambert A, Jaffer YA, Bertino E, Gravett MG, Purwar M, Noble JA, Pang R, Victora CG, Barros FC, Carvalho M, Salomon LJ, Bhutta ZA, Kennedy SH, Villar J, for the International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century. (2014). International standards for fetal growth based on serial ultrasound measurements: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. Lancet, 384: 869-879.
  • Gardosi, J., Madurasinghe, V., Williams, M., Malik, A., & Francis, A. (2013). Maternal and fetal risk factors for stillbirth: population based study. BMJ, 346: f108.  Doi: 10.1136/bmj.f108.
  • Helgadottir, L.B., Skjeldestad, F.E., Jacobsen, A.F., Sandset, P.M., & Jacobsen, E.-M. (2011). Incidence and risk factors of fetal death in Norway: a case-control study.  Acta Obstetrica et Gynecologica Scandinavica; 90: 390-397.
  • Turan, O.M, Turan, S., Berg, C., Gembruch, U., Nicolaides, K.H., Harman, C.R., & Baschat, A.A. (2011). Duration of persistent abnormal ductus venosus flow and its impact on perinatal outcome in fetal growth restriction.  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 38: 295-302.
  • Bukowski, R. (2010). Stillbirth and fetal growth restriction. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 53(3): 673-680.
  • Smith, G.C.S., Shah, I., White, I.R., Pell, J.P., & Dobbie, R. (2007). Previous preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and delivery of a small for gestational age infant and the risk of unexplained stillbirth in the second pregnancy: a retrospective cohort study, Scotland, 1992-2001. Am J Epidemiol.  165: 194-202.
  • Froen, J.F., Gardosi, J.O., Thurmann, A., Francis, A., & Stray-Pedersen, B. (2004). Restricted fetal growth in sudden intrauterine unexplained death. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 83:801-807.
  • Resnik, R. (2002). Intrauterine growth restriction. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 99(3): 490-496.
  • Raio, L., Ghezzi, F., DiNaro, E., Franchi, M., Maymon, E., Mueller, M.D., & Bruhwiler, H. (1999). Prenatal diagnosis of a lean umbilical cord: a simple marker for the fetus at risk of being small for gestational age at birth. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 13: 176-180.  


  • Gordon A, Raynes-Greenow C, Bond D, Morris J, Rawlinson W, & Jeffery H. (2015).   Sleep position, fetal growth restriction, and late-pregnancy stillbirth: The Sydney Stillbirth Study. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 125(2): 347-355. DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000627
  • Owusu, J.T., Anderson, F.J., Coleman, J., Oppong, S., Seffah, J.D., Aikins, A., & O’Brien, L.M. (2013). Association of maternal sleep practices with pre-eclampsia, low birth weight, and stillbirth among Ghanaian women. Int J Gynecol Obstet,
  • Louis, J., Auckley, D., & Bolden, N. (2012). Management of obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women. Obstetrics & Gynecology.119(4): 864-868.
  • Stacey, T., Thompson, J.M.D., Mitchell, E.A., Ekeroma, A.J., Zuccollo, J.M., & McCowan, L.M.E. (2011). Association between maternal sleep practices and risk of late stillbirth: a case-control study. BMJ. 342: d3403.
  • Sharkey, J.T., Cable, C., & Olcese, J. (2010). Melatonin sensitizes human myometrial cells to oxytocin in a protein kinase cα/extracellular-signal regulated kinase-dependent manner. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 95(6): 2902-2908.


  • Huang L, Liu J, Feng L, Chen Y, Zhang J, & Wang W. (2014). Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with higher risk of placental pathologic lesions Placenta, 35: 563-569.
  • Smith, R., Maiti, K., & Aitkin, R.J. (2013). Unexplained antepartum stillbirth: A consequence of placental aging? Placenta, 34: 310-313.
  • Nayeri, U.A., West, A.B., Grossetti Nardini, H.K., Copel, J.A., & Sfakianaki, A.K. (2013). Systematic review of sonographic findings of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and subsequent pregnancy outcome.  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 41: 366-374.
  • Edwards, A., Springett, A., Padfield, J., Dorling, J., Bugg, G., & Mansell, P. (2013). Differences in post-mortem findings after stillbirth in women with and without diabetes.  Diabetic Medicine, 30: 1219-1224.
  • Hutcheon, J.A., McNamara, H., Platt, R.W., Benjamin, A., & Kramer, M.S. (2012). Placental weight for gestational age and adverse perinatal outcomes. Obtestrics & Gynecology.  119(6): 1251-1258.
  • Wallace, J.M., Horgan, G.W., & Bhattacharya, S. (2012). Placental weight and efficiency in relation to maternal body mass index and the risk of pregnancy complications in women delivering singleton babies.  33: 611-618.
  • Stanek, J. (2012). Utility of diagnosing various histological patterns of diffuse chronic hypoxic placental injury. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology. 15, 13-23.
  • Kliman, H.J. (2011). Behind every healthy baby is a healthy placenta. Online:
  • Azpurua, H., Funai, E.F., Coraluzzi, L.M., Doherty, L.F., Sasson, I.E., Kliman, M., & Kliman, H.J. (2010). Determination of placental weight using two-dimensional sonography and volumetric mathematic modeling. American Journal of Perinatology.  27(2): 151-154.
  • Saleemuddin, A., Tantbirojn, P., Sirois, K., Crum, C.P., Boyd, T.K., Tworoger, S., & Parast, M.M. (2010). Obstetric and perinatal complications in placentas with fetal thrombotic vasculopathy. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology. 13: 459-464.
  • Warland, J., McCutcheon, H., & Baghurst, P. (2009). Placental position and late stillbirth: a case-control study. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 18: 1602-1606.
  • Becher, J-C., Bell, J.E., Keeling, J.W., Liston, W.A., McIntosh, N., & Wyatt, B. (2006). The Scottish Perinatal Neuropathology Study – clinicopathological correlation in stillbirths. BJOG. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2006.00852.x.
  • Kliman, H.J. & Segel, L. (2003). The placenta may predict the baby. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 225: 143-145.


  • Hodgson, E., & Norwitz, E. (2006). Does low blood pressure increase the risk of stillbirth? Contemporary OB/GYN. Oct 55-58.
  • Warland, J. & McCutcheon, H.(2002). Is there an association between maternal hypotension and poor pregnancy outcome? A review of contemporary literature. Australian College of Midwives Incorporated. 15(4): 22-26.  


  • Fell, D.B., Sprague, A.E., Liu, N., Yasseen, A.S., Wen, S., Smith, G., & Walker, M.C. (2012). H1N1 Influenza vaccination during pregnancy and fetal and neonatal outcomes. American Journal of Public Health. 102(6): e33-e40.
  • Powers, R.J., Wirtschafter, D., and the Perinatal Quality Improvement Panel of the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative. (2012). Prevention of Group B Streptococcus early-onset disease: a toolkit by the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative. Journal of Perinatalogy. 30: 77-87.
  • McGregor, J.A., MacDonald, J., & Perhach, M. (2011). Prenatal-onset Group B Strep (POGBS) Disease: Giving a name to Group B Strep Disease acquired before birth and four courses of action to help in its prevention.  net Pregnancy & Birth


  • Ebbing C, Kiserud T, Johnsen SL, Albrechtsen S, Rasmussen S. (2013) Prevalence, risk factors and outcomes of velamentous and marginal cord insertions: A population-based study of 634,741 pregnancies. PLoS ONE 8(7): e70380. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070380
  • Shinde, K.K., Bangal, V.B., Kwatra, A., & Borawake, S.K. (2012). Lessons learnt from umbilical cord accidents: are these stillbirths preventable? Int J Stud Res. 2(1): 14-17.
  • Pinar, H., & Carpenter, M. (2010). Placenta and umbilical cord abnormalities seen with stillbirth. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 53(3): 656-672.
  • Hasegawa, J., Mimura, T., Morimoto, T., Matsuoka, R., Ichizuka, K., Sekizawa, A., & Okai, T. (2010). Detection of umbilical venous constriction by Doppler flow measurement at midgestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 36:196-201.
  • Collins, J.H., Collins, C.L., & Collins, C.C. (2010). Umbilical cord accidents. Available online:
  • Hasegawa, J., Matsuoka, R., Ichizuka, K., Sekizawa, A., & Okai, T.(2009). Ultrasound diagnosis and management of umbilical cord abnormalities. Obstet Gynecol. 48(1): 23-27.
  • Tantbirojn, P. Saleemuddin, A., Sirois, K., Crum, C.P., Boyd, T.K., Tworoger, S., & Parast, M.M. (2009). Gross abnormalities of the umbilical cord: related placental histology and clinical significance.  30: 1083-1088.
  • Parast, M.M., Crum, C.P., & Boyd, T.K. (2008). Placental histologic criteria for umbilical blood flow restriction in unexplained stillbirth. Human Pathology. 39: 948-953.
  • Wilson,B. (2008). Sonography of the placenta and umbilical cord. Radiologic Technology. 79(4): 333S-345S.
  • Collins, J.H., & Collins, C.L. The human umbilical cord. The Placenta: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Eds. J.C.P. Kingdom, E.R.M. Jauniaux, & P.M.S. O’Brien. RCOG Press.
  • Bord, A., Yagel, S., & Valsky, D.V. (2007). Overburdened and undernourished. AJOG. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.07.011.
  • Gornall, A.S., Kurinczuk, J.J., & Konje, J.C. (2003). Antenatal detection of a single umbilical artery:  does it matter?  Prenat Diagn, 23: 117-123.
  • Sepulveda, W. (1999). Time for a more detailed prenatal examination of the umbilical cord?  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 13: 157-160.
  • Sherer, D.M., & Manning, F.A. (1999). Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of nuchal cord(s): disregard, inform, monitor, or intervene? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 14: 1-8.
  • Baz, E., Zikulnig, L., Hackeloer, B.-J., & Hecher, K. (1999).  Abnormal ductus venous blood flow: a clue to umbilical cord complication. Ultrasound Obstetrics Gynecology; 13: 204-206.
  • Rotmensch, S., Liberati, M., Luo, J.S., Kliman, H.J., Gollin, Y., Bellati, U., Hobbins, J.C., & Copel, J.A. (1994). Color Doppler flow patterns and flow velocity waveforms of the intraplacental fetal circulation in growth-retarded fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 171 (5): 1257-1264.
  • Ogita, S., Oka, T., Imanaka, M., Matsuo, S., Kawabata, R., Takebayashi, T., Matsumoto, M.(1989). Effect of Amniotic Fluid Volume on Umbilical Cord Length. Asia-Oceania J. Obstet Gynecol, 15(2): 203-208.


  • Padmanabhan S, McLean M, & Cheung NW. (2014). Falling insulin requirements are associated with adverse obstetric outcomes in women with preexisting diabetes. Diabetes Care, 37: 2685-2692. Doi: 10.2337/dc14-0506


  • Gordon, A., Raynes-Greenow, C., McGeechan, K., Morris, J., & Jeffery, H. (2012). Stillbirth risk in a second pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 119(3): 509-517.
  • Spong, C.Y. (2012). Add stillbirth to the list of outcomes to worry about in a pregnant woman with a history of preterm birth or fetal growth restriction.  Obstet & Gynecol.  119(3): 495-497
  • Reddy, U.M. (2010). Management of pregnancy after stillbirth. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 53(3): 700-709.
  • Weeks, J.W. (2008). Antepartum testing for women with previous stillbirth.  Seminars in Perinatology. 32:301-306.
  • Reddy, U.M. (2007). Prediction and Prevention of Recurrent Stillbirth. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 110(5): 1151-1164.
  • Sharma, P.P., Salihu, H.M., Oyelese, Y., Ananth, C.V., & Kirby, R.S.(2006). Is race a determinant of stillbirth recurrence? Obstetrics & Gynecology. 107(2); 391-397.
  • O’Leary, J. (2004) Grief and its impact on prenatal attachment in the subsequent pregnancy. Arch Womens Ment Health, 7:7-18.
  • Harger, J.H., Archer, D.F., Marchese, S.G., Muracca-Clemens, M., & Garver, K.L. (1983). Etiology of recurrent pregnancy losses and outcome of subsequent pregnancies. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 62(5):574-581.


  • Smith, G.C.S., Wood, A.M., Pell, J.P., White, I.R., Crossley, J.A., & Dobbie, R. (2012). Second-trimester maternal serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein and the subsequent risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 351(10): 978-986.
  • Anderson, G.M., Jacobs-Stannard, A., Chawarska, K., Volkmar, F.R., & Kliman, H.J. (2007). Placental trophoblast inclusions in austism spectrum disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 61: 487-491.


  • Hedegaard M, Lidegaard O, Skovlund CW, Morch LS, & Hedegaard M. (2014). Reduction instillbirth at term after new birth induction paradigm: results of a national intervention. (2014) Open, 4: e005785. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005785
  • Rosenstein, M.G., Cheng, Y.W., Snowden, J.M., Nicholson, J.M., & Caughey, A.B. (2012). Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age.  Obstetrics & Gynecology.  120(1): 76-82.
  • Stock, S.J., Ferguson, E., Duffy, A., Ford, I., & Norman, J.E. (2012). Outcomes of elective induction of labour compared with expectant management: population based study. BMJ. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e2838.
  • Singh, T., Leslie, K., Bhide, A., D’Antonio, F., & Thilaganathan, B. (2012). Role of second-trimester uterine artery Doppler in assessing stillbirth risk.  Obstetrics & Gynecology. 119(2): 256-261.
  • Iacovella, C., Franchi, M., Egbor, M., Bhide, A., & Thilaganathan, B. (2012). Relationship of first-trimester uterine artery Doppler to late stillbirth.  Prenatal Diagnosis.  32, 557-561.
  • Sciscione, A.C. (2012). What is new in induction of labor? Best articles from the past year.  Obstetrics & Gynecology.  120(3); 657-659.
  • Sheffield, J.S., Greer, L.G., Rogers, V.L., Roberts, S.W., Lytle, H., McIntire, D.D., & Wendel, G.D. (2012). Effect of Influenza Vaccination in the First Trimester of Pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 120(3): 532-537.
  • Spong, C.Y., Mercer, B.M., D’Alton, M., Kilpatrick, S., Blackwell, S., & Saade, G. (2011). Timing of indicated late-preterm and early-term birth. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 118(2): 323-333.
  • LeRay, C., Lacerte, M., Iglesias, M.H., Audibert, F., & Morin, L. (2008). Routine third trimester ultrasound: what is the evidence?  Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Canada.  30(2): 118-122.
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